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Traffic and Granular Flow '07
Modeling breakdown probabilities or phase transition probabilities is an important issue when assessing and predicting the reliability of traffic flow operations. Looking at empirical spatio-temporal patterns, these probabilities clearly are not only a function of the local prevailing traffic conditions (density, speed), but also of time and space. For instance, the probability that start-stop wave occurs generally increases when moving upstream away from the bottleneck location. The dynamicsdoi:10.1007/978-3-540-77074-9_7 fatcat:3n5iwodxbngkxntso6qonxd3yu