1999 International journal of computational geometry and applications  
Our work focuses on various complexity measures for two-handed assembly sequences. For many products, there exist an exponentially large set of valid sequences, and a natural goal is to use automated systems to select wisely from the choices. Although there has been a great deal of algorithmic success for nding feasible assembly sequences, there has been very little success towards optimizing the costs of sequences. We attempt to explain this lack of progress, by proving the inherent di culty
more » ... nding optimal, or even near-optimal, assembly sequences. To begin, we de ne, virtual assembly sequencing," a graph-theoretic problem that is a generalization of assembly sequencing, focusing on the combinatorial aspect of the family of feasible assembly sequences while temporarily separating out the speci c geometric assumptions inherent to assembly sequencing. We formally prove the hardness of nding even near-optimal sequences for most cost measures in our generalized framework. As a special case, we prove equally strong inapproximability results for the problem of scheduling with AND OR precedence constraints. Finally, w e re-introduce the geometry, and continue by realizing several of these hardness results in rather simple geometric settings. We are able to show strong inapproximability results, for example using an assembly consisting solely of unit disks in the plane.
doi:10.1142/s0218195999000248 fatcat:yku7rqqgsnbhtccqahr27oqhle