Managing School Climate Issues at the School District Level: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature
Several research have studied how school management impacts cognitive and non-cognitive components of students' lives. However, less is known about what district level administrators do when dealing with issues concerning school climate. This study aims a comprehensive review of the literature on school district level involvement in school climate, with focus on the underlying school climate construct, methods, and associated outcomes. The results show four dominant dimensions: community,
... , risk, and academic performance. District level administrators are concerned not only of students' but also of teachers' wellbeing, with special focus placed on teacher stress and burnout. Despite the positive impact of informed decision making on school performance, accountability pressures involved in meeting evaluation criteria may offset the benefits. Our review confirms the need to support district leadership to set the goals and measure the progress of successful strategies to manage school climate issues.