IA-GM: A Deep Bidirectional Learning Method for Graph Matching

Kaixuan Zhao, Shikui Tu, Lei Xu
2021 AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Existing deep learning methods for graph matching (GM) problems usually considered affinity learning to assist combinatorial optimization in a feedforward pipeline, and parameter learning is executed by backpropagating the gradients of the matching loss. Such a pipeline pays little attention to the possible complementary benefit from the optimization layer to the learning component. In this paper, we overcome the above limitation under a deep bidirectional learning framework. Our method
more » ... es the output of the GM optimization layer to fuse with the input for affinity learning. Such direct feedback enhances the input by a feature enrichment and fusion technique, which exploits and integrates the global matching patterns from the deviation of the similarity permuted by the current matching estimate. As a result, the circulation enables the learning component to benefit from the optimization process, taking advantage of both global feature and the embedding result which is calculated by local propagation through node-neighbors. Moreover, circulation consistency induces an unsupervised loss that can be implemented individually or jointly to regularize the supervised loss. Experiments on challenging datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our methods for both supervised learning and unsupervised learning.
dblp:conf/aaai/ZhaoTX21 fatcat:vul5g524kzd3legy7u5pbrnk3q