Light Emitting Devices Based on Quantum Well-Dots

Maximov, Nadtochiy, Mintairov, Kalyuzhnyy, Kryzhanovskaya, Moiseev, Gordeev, Shernyakov, Payusov, Zubov, Nevedomskiy, Rouvimov (+1 others)
2020 Applied Sciences  
We review epitaxial formation, basic properties, and device applications of a novel type of nanostructures of mixed (0D/2D) dimensionality that we refer to as quantum well-dots (QWDs). QWDs are formed by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxial deposition of 4–16 monolayers of InxGa1−xAs of moderate indium composition (0.3 < x < 0.5) on GaAs substrates and represent dense arrays of carrier localizing indium-rich regions inside In-depleted residual quantum wells. QWDs are intermediate in properties
more » ... te in properties between 2D quantum wells and 0D quantum dots and show some advantages of both of those. In particular, they offer high optical gain/absorption coefficients as well as reduced carrier diffusion in the plane of the active region. Edge-emitting QWD lasers demonstrate low internal loss of 0.7 cm−1 and high internal quantum efficiency of 87%. as well as a reasonably high level of continuous wave (CW) power at room temperature. Due to the high optical gain and suppressed non-radiative recombination at processed sidewalls, QWDs are especially advantageous for microlasers. Thirty-one µm in diameter microdisk lasers show a high record for this type of devices output power of 18 mW. The CW lasing is observed up to 110 °C. A maximum 3-dB modulation bandwidth of 6.7 GHz is measured in the 23 μm in diameter microdisks operating uncooled without a heatsink. The open eye diagram is observed up to 12.5 Gbit/s, and error-free 10 Gbit/s data transmission at 30 °C without using an external optical amplifier, and temperature stabilization is demonstrated.
doi:10.3390/app10031038 fatcat:g2lityzminbytnv64sd3f3ulxq