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This research focuses on a sample of European and Chinese elite universities for the period 2011-2015. We adopt a meta-frontier methodology to decompose their overall productivity in three main determinants: (1) technical efficiency compared with contemporaneous technology, (2) change in technical efficiency and (3) technology relative superiority of the two groups of universities. The results reveal different patterns of evolution: Chinese institutions' productivity grows faster than that ofdoi:10.1007/s11192-021-03978-z pmid:33935331 pmcid:PMC8072098 fatcat:qpk2ibdnjjgjxifwardo7eo6d4