Direct Depth SLAM: Sparse Geometric Feature Enhanced Direct Depth SLAM System for Low-Texture Environments

Shibo Zhao, Zheng Fang
2018 Sensors  
This paper presents a real-time, robust and low-drift depth-only SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) method for depth cameras by utilizing both dense range flow and sparse geometry features from sequential depth images. The proposed method is mainly composed of three optimization layers, namely Direct Depth layer, ICP (iterative closet point) Refined layer and Graph Optimization layer. The Direct Depth layer uses a range flow constraint equation to solve the fast 6-DOF (six degrees of
more » ... reedom) frame-to-frame pose estimation problem. Then, the ICP Refined layer is used to reduce the local drift by applying local map based motion estimation strategy. After that, we propose a loop closure detection algorithm by extracting and matching sparse geometric features and construct a pose graph for the purpose of global pose optimization. We evaluate the performance of our method using benchmark datasets and real scene data. Experiment results show that our front-end algorithm clearly over performs the classic methods and our back-end algorithm is robust to find loop closures and reduce the global drift.
doi:10.3390/s18103339 fatcat:sirtzyw2l5bjnfllni2fzxrzfq