Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness to Acetylcholine During Acute Pulmonary Congestion in Guinea Pigs

Fumihiko Sasaki, Takeshi Ishizaki, Hidefusa Takahashi, Shingo Ameshima, Tsuguhiko Nakai, Susumu Miyabo
1992 The Japanese Journal of Thoracic Diseases  
To understand the precise mechanism of bronchial hyperresponsiveness in patients with congestive heart failure, we studied the effect of mild pulmonary congestion on bronchial responsiveness to inhaled acetylcholine (ACh) in guinea pigs. We induced mild pulmonary congestion by inflation of a balloon placed in the left atrium, and maintained the left atrial pressure (Pla) at 10 mmHg for 30 minutes with continuous monitoring of lung resistance (RL) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn). Furthermore, we
more » ... termined the provocative concentration of ACh producing 100 increase in RL (PC100-ACh), before and during balloon inflation. In animals with propranolol pretreatment, but not in animals without propranolol pretreatment, mild pulmonary congestion caused slight increase in RL (N. S.) and significant decrease in Cdyn (p<0.01) and PC100-ACh (p<0.01). Cutting of bilateral vagal nerves partially inhibited the decrease of PC100-ACh, but pretreatment with either phenoxybenzamine, indomethacin, AA-861 or OKY-046 had not effect. These results suggest that blockade of B-adrenergic receptors and the vagal reflex, but not of a-adrenergic receptors or arachidonates, contributes to bronchial hyperresponsiveness during acute pulmonary congestion.
doi:10.11389/jjrs1963.30.1507 fatcat:553zyfns6reydcw6xwlgojlooi