Origin of Lateral Heterogeneities in the Upper Mantle Beneath South-east Australia from Seismic Tomography [chapter]

N. Rawlinson, B. L. N. Kennett, M. Salmon, R. A. Glen
2015 The Earth's Heterogeneous Mantle  
We use teleseismic body wave tomography to reveal anomalous P wave velocity variations in the upper mantle beneath south-east Australia. Data are sourced from the WOMBAT transportable seismic array, the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere, which enables horizontal resolution of approximately 50 km to be achieved over a large region that includes Victoria, New South Wales and southern South Australia. In order to account for long-wavelength structure that is lost due to the use of
more » ... iple teleseismic datasets from adjacent arrays with non-overlapping recording periods, the AuSREM mantle model is included as prior information in the inversion. Furthermore, AuSREM crust and Moho structure is explicitly included in the initial model in order to account for the presence of shallow heterogeneity which is poorly constrained by the teleseismic dataset. The P wave velocity model obtained from the joint inversion of WOMBAT teleseismic data represents a vast new resource on the seismic structure of the upper mantle beneath south-east Australia. One of the most striking features of the model is the presence of a north-dipping low-velocity anomaly beneath the Newer Volcanics province, a Quaternary intraplate basaltic province in western Victoria. The anomaly appears to terminate at approximately 200 km depth and has a structure that is more suggestive of a source confined to the upper mantle rather
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15627-9_2 fatcat:kndv2dqhsbgclociv4sukyb7za