International Food Aid to Indonesia, 1950s–1970s [chapter]

Pierre van der Eng
Promises and Predicaments  
Indonesia experienced growing shortfalls of food supplies during the 1950s and during the 1960s and 1970s it imported increasing amounts of rice, wheat and wheat flour. This paper investigates the role of food aid in this development. In the 1950s, Indonesia received some US PL480 food aid under concessional loans. Despite occasional famines, and the willingness of countries to supply food aid as grants, Indonesia did not request such food aid until 1966. Donations of wheat flour, rice and
more » ... lour, rice and other food products started to arrive in Indonesia in 1967 and increased quickly since. During the 1970s one-third of Indonesia's imports of both rice and wheat arrived as aid. Initially donor countries focused on rice aid in efforts to secure shares in Indonesia's growing rice imports. But their focus shifted to wheat aid, in response to opportunities for them to grow Indonesia's market for wheat-based products and secure market share. Food aid helped to alleviate food shortages, but it also strengthened the role of the official food logistics agency in Indonesia's food markets.
doi:10.2307/j.ctv1nthnm.20 fatcat:cj6rul7mhjd37gbfeb2bgclzr4