Patient-Identified Factors Related to Heart Failure Readmissions

J. H. Retrum, J. Boggs, A. Hersh, L. Wright, D. S. Main, D. J. Magid, L. A. Allen
2013 Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes  
Background-Although readmission after hospitalization for heart failure has received increasing attention, little is known about its root causes. Prior investigations have relied on administrative databases, chart review, and single-question surveys. Methods and Results-We performed semistructured 30-to 60-minute interviews of patients (n=28) readmitted within 6 months of index heart failure admission. Established qualitative approaches were used to analyze and to interpret data. Interview
more » ... ngs were the primary focus of the study, but patient information and provider comments from chart data were also consulted. Patient median age was 61 years; 29% were nonwhite; 50% were married; 32% had preserved ejection fraction; and median time from discharge to readmission was 31 days. Reasons for readmission were multifactorial and not easily categorized into mutually exclusive reasons. Five themes emerged as reasons cited for hospital readmission: distressing symptoms, unavoidable progression of illness, influence of psychosocial factors, good but imperfect self-care adherence, and health system failures. Conclusions-Our study provides the first systematic qualitative assessment of patient perspectives concerning heart failure readmission. Contrary to prior literature and distinct from what we found documented in the medical record, patient experiences were highly heterogeneous, not easily categorized as preventable or not preventable, and not easily attributed to a single cause. These findings suggest that future interventions designed to reduce heart failure readmissions should be multifaceted, should be systemic in nature, and should integrate patient input. (Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2013;6:171-177.) Key Words: heart failure ◼ patient-centered care ◼ patient readmission ◼ qualitative research ◼ systems of care
doi:10.1161/circoutcomes.112.967356 pmid:23386663 pmcid:PMC4082819 fatcat:3d6tazsmtnadjge43k3kzlummm