Cellulose Nanowhiskers from Sugar Palm Fibers

Farah Fahma, Naruhito Hori, Shinichiro Iwamoto, Tadahisa Iwata, Akio Takemura
2016 Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture  
In this study, cellulose nanowhiskers from sugar palm fi bers were isolated by sulfuric acid hydrolysis. The dimension of neutralized and un-neutralized obtained nanowhiskers was similar of each other. Two fi lms from cellulose nanowhiskers suspension (without and with neutralization) were produced using a vacuum fi ltration technique. Comparing with native cellulose, the decomposition of nanowhiskers started at lower temperature. Meanwhile after neutralization of its acid sulfate groups the
more » ... lfate groups the decomposition of nanowhiskers shifted to higher temperature to be close to native cellulose. This work indicated that the neutralization of acid sulfate groups improved the mechanical properties of cellulose nanowhiskers fi lm while morphology, thermal stability, degree of crystallinity and chemical composition of cellulose nanowhiskers obtained could be maintained.
doi:10.9755/ejfa.2016-02-188 fatcat:ju643nf2rngzdavkcgnulbvkua