Comparative Gene Expression Profiling in Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell—Derived Cardiocytes and Human and Cynomolgus Heart Tissue

Dinesh Puppala, Leon P. Collis, Sunny Z. Sun, Vinicius Bonato, Xian Chen, Blake Anson, Mathew Pletcher, Bernard Fermini, Sandra J. Engle
2012 Toxicological Sciences  
Cardiotoxicity is one of the leading causes of drug attrition. Current in vitro models insufficiently predict cardiotoxicity, and there is a need for alternative physiologically relevant models. Here we describe the gene expression profile of human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiocytes (iCC) postthaw over a period of 42 days in culture and compare this profile to human fetal and adult as well as adult cynomolgus nonhuman primate (NHP, Macaca fascicularis) heart tissue. Our results
more » ... dicate that iCC express relevant cardiac markers such as ion channels (SCN5A, KCNJ2, CACNA1C, KCNQ1, and KCNH2), tissuespecific structural markers (MYH6, MYLPF, MYBPC3, DES, TNNT2, and TNNI3), and transcription factors (NKX2.5, GATA4, and GATA6) and lack the expression of stem cell markers (FOXD3, GBX2, NANOG, POU5F1, SOX2, and ZFP42). Furthermore, we performed a functional evaluation of contractility of the iCC and showed functional and pharmacological correlations with myocytes isolated from adult NHP hearts. These results suggest that stem cell-derived cardiocytes may represent a novel in vitro model to study human cardiac toxicity with potential ex vivo and in vivo translation.
doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfs282 pmid:22982684 fatcat:mmofxpbahbhvbcqo45dwuftsry