Hydro-businesses: National and Global Demands on the São Francisco River Basin Environment of Brazil [chapter]

Lucigleide Nery Nascimento, Mimi Larsen Becker, Peter Boomgaard, Marjolein t Hart
Globalization, Environmental Change, and Social History  
The São Francisco River provided very obvious, close-by forms of sustenance for local communities. Beginning in the mid-1950s, the river became the place for large hydro-electric facilities, large-scale flooding, and population resettlement. A decade later, the federal government began working on pilot irrigation projects that would lead to areas described today as the Brazilian California. Hydro-power for Brazilian cities such as Recife and Salvador and irrigation for grapes and mangoes
more » ... d for the United States and Europe are among the eco-system services this river supplies. The purpose of federal policies for the north-east went beyond mitigation of the consequences of droughts, the hydraulic approach, and started to follow an economic approach based upon development; as a consequence, river and user came to be distant from one another. The two major intensive uses of the river, electricity and irrigation, threaten the long-term sustainability of this system.
doi:10.1017/cbo9780511920677.009 fatcat:w4lsi3fhvncfzkhioi24ttjapq