Development and Application of West Nile Virus Subgenomic Replicon RNA Expressing Secreted Alkaline Phosphatase

Kanako MORITOH, Akihiko MAEDA, Tomohiro NISHINO, Nobuya SASAKI, Takashi AGUI
2011 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science  
We have developed a West Nile virus (WNV) subgenomic replicon harboring the secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) reporter gene instead of viral structural genes (designated repWNV/SEAP). The repWNV/SEAP allowed easy evaluation of viral replication efficiency by direct measurement of SEAP secretion in the cell culture medium in physical containment level 2 facilities. Furthermore, we validated the availability of this system using a known anti-flavivirus gene, mouse oligoadenylate synthetase 1b
more » ... Oas1b). The Oas1b-transfected cells were more resistant to repWNV/SEAP replication than the original cells. Thus, this system not only affords a useful tool for identification/evaluation of anti-flavivirus genes/drugs in terms of safety, ease of use and reliability, but should be able to reduce or replace the bioassay using laboratory animals.
doi:10.1292/jvms.10-0495 pmid:21187681 fatcat:ceap3j4hrrgwhcrhwv4o7ac3he