Thermal screening at finite chemical potential on a topological surface and its interplay with proximity-induced ferromagnetism
Physical Review B
Motivated by recent experiments on EuS/Bi_2Se_3 heterostructures, we study the temperature dependent screening effects on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator proximate to a ferromagnetically ordered system. In general, we find that besides the chemical potential and temperature, the screening energy scale also depends on the proximity-induced electronic gap in an essential way. In particular, at zero temperature the screening energy vanishes if the chemical potential is
... ler than the proximity-induced electronic gap. We show that at finite temperature, T, and/or chemical potential, μ, the Chern-Simons (topological) mass, which is generated by quantum fluctuations arising from the proximity-effect, can be calculated analytically in the insulating regime. In this case the topological mass yields the Hall conductivity associated to edge states. We show that when the chemical potential is inside the gap the topological mass remains nearly quantized at finite temperature.