Detection of feline immunodeficiency virus in semen from seropositive domestic cats (Felis catus)

H L Jordan, J Howard, W A Tompkins, S Kennedy-Stoskopf
1995 Journal of Virology  
Electroejaculates from experimentally infected domestic cats were evaluated for the presence of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Virus was isolated from cell-free seminal plasma and seminal cells by cocultivation with a feline interleukin-2-dependent CD4 ؉ T-cell line, in which productive infection was demonstrated by syncytium formation and FIV gag p26 antigen secretion. In addition, an 868-bp segment of the FIV gag provirus gene was identified in cocultured cells by PCR and Southern
more » ... and Southern analysis. A 582-bp fragment of the FIV gag provirus genome was detected by nested PCR and Southern analysis in nonfractionated seminal cells and in sperm purified by a swim-up procedure. This is the first report describing the detection of replicationcompetent FIV in cell-free and cell-associated forms in domestic cat semen.
doi:10.1128/jvi.69.11.7328-7333.1995 fatcat:zdawdfr3njhyxaa2jjr4iwx3ha