YABANCI DİL ÖĞRETİMİNDE DİLBİLİMSEL - SOSYOKÜLTÜREL YÖNTEMİN ÖNEMİ
International Journal of Languages' Education and Teaching
Linguistic -sociocultural method is one of the most important and most comprehensive methods used in teaching foreign languages. According to this method, foreign languages must be taught together with the culture and social lifestyles of the people speaking that language. Besides the linguistic forms, the social environment and culture of the language bearers also gain importance. The purpose of the method is to facilitate the formation of linguistic sociocultural competence in students
... g a foreign language. Language and culture barriers must be overcome to enable healthy communication between people of different cultures. Previously it was important to use the language correctly in teaching languages, but currently the contents of the information provided (the meaning) is gaining importance. In other words, as the fundamental purpose of communication is being understood, the communicative value of the information is becoming more important. This method is directed to understanding the bearers of the language more than the language itself. In the linguistic -sociocultural method communication is approached in two ways, linguistic and intercultural. One of the most fundamental characteristics of this method is that it combines linguistic structures (grammar, linguistics etc.) with factors other than language. The developers of this method follow the belief that "sociocultural structures are fundamentally located in linguistic structures". According to this, most of the mistakes made in the use of foreign languages stem from an insufficient knowledge about the culture of the bearers of the language being learnt. The theoretical fundamentals of this method are mostly based on the views of S.G.Ter-Minasova. This study will focus on the importance of this method in teaching foreign languages based on Ter-Minasova's work.