Comparative investigation of electronic transport across three-dimensional nanojunctions

Yun-Peng Wang, X.-G. Zhang, J. N. Fry, Hai-Ping Cheng
2017 Physical review B  
We carry out a layer-by-layer investigation to understand electron transport across metal-insulator-metal junctions. Interfacial structures of junctions were studied and characterized using first-principles density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. We found that as a function of the number of crystal layers the calculated transmission coefficients of multilayer silicene junctions decay much slower than for BN-based junctions We revisited the semiclassical
more » ... iclassical Boltzmann theory of electronic transport and applied to multilayer silicene and BN-based junctions. The calculated resistance in the high-transmission regime is smaller than that provided by the Landauer formula. As the thickness of the barrier increases, results from the Boltzmann and the Landauer formulae converge. We provide a upper limit in the transmission coefficient below which, the Landauer method becomes valid. Quantitatively, when the transmission coefficient is lower than $ \sim 0.05 $ per channel, the error introduced by the Landauer formula for calculating the resistance is negligible. In addition, we found that the resistance of a junction is not entirely determined by the averaged transmission, but also by the distribution of the transmission over the first Brillouin zone.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.95.085303 fatcat:6capxlpnobdynhwf4dz6vzhkae