护理学生临床实习前锐器伤预防的认知情况调查研究

Pei-jiao Liao, Yang-yang Lei, Shu-wen Wu, Yun-mei Chen, Li-qiong Hong
2016 国际护理教育杂志  
Objective: To investigate the cognition of sharp injury prevention among nursing students before the clinical practice in order to provide a basis for corresponding measures and active measures. Methods: In July 2014, a total of 232 nursing students in 3 A grade Hospital of Guangzhou, from 30 colleges and universities of 8 provinces, were tested by self-made questionnaire in regard to sharp injury prevention knowledge. Results: The awareness rate of occupational exposure, occupational exposure
more » ... upational exposure prevention, Guideline for prevention and control for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogen by National Health and Family Planning Commission 2009 was 28.94% and 13.71%, 1.01%; and the highest score of sharp instrument injury prevention knowledge was 22 points, the lowest score was 4 points, with an average of 15.92 ± 2.59 points. Sharp injury knowledge gained from school education accounts for 87.31%, but the students who have not received relevant education accounts for 3.05%. Conclusion: The overall situation of occupational exposures cognition is not optimistic, the master of sharp instrument injury prevention knowledge is not complete; and related curriculum in part of the schools is unreasonable, or receives poor effect. Some schools need to adjust the curriculum, strengthen the prevention knowledge of sharp injuries, occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogen. Hospitals need to strengthen pre-job training of nursing students and strengthen the clinical teaching work. Schools and hospitals need to jointly explore teaching mode for nursing students, so as to promote the students to master the sharp instrument injury prevention knowledge, the implementation of relevant measures of protection, and ensure the safety of students and patients. 护理学生临床实习前锐器伤预防的认知情况调查研究 廖培娇,雷阳阳,伍淑文,陈芸梅,洪丽琼 中山大学附属第一医院外科,广东广州,中国 通讯作者:伍淑文, Email: yangzuojun2005@163.com 【摘要】 目的 对护理学生临床实习前锐器伤预防的认知情况进行了解,以便为采取积极有效的应对措施提供依据。方法 采用自行编制问卷对 2014 年 7 月广州市某三甲医院来自全国 8 省 30 所高等院校的 232 名护理实习学生的一般资料和锐器伤 认知情况进行调查并分析。结果 职业暴露、职业暴露后预防、国家卫计委 2009《血源性病原体职业接触防护导则》知晓率 为 28.94%、13.71%、1.01%;锐器伤预防知识最高得分 22 分,最低得分 4 分,均数为(15.92±2.59)分。锐器伤知识来源 于学校教育为 87.31%,而未接受过相关教育者为 3.05%。结论 研究对象对职业暴露认知总体情况不容乐观;锐器伤预防知 识掌握不全;部分学校相关课程设置不合理或教育效果欠佳。部分学校需调整课程设置,加强锐器伤预防、血源性病原体职 业接触防护等相关知识的教育,医院需强化护理实习生岗前培训,加强临床带教工作,学校与医院需探讨共同教导护理实习 学生模式,从而促进学生掌握锐器伤预防相关知识,落实相关防护措施,保障患者和学生的安全。 【关键词】 护理学生;临床实习;锐器伤;预防;职业暴露;医院隔离技术规范;教育;培训
doi:10.14725/gjne.v2n1a1354 fatcat:fvq3fmlye5fxfhcbr6wzfcre4q