An HSS Matrix-Inspired Butterfly-Based Direct Solver for Analyzing Scattering From Two-Dimensional Objects
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
A butterfly-based fast direct integral equation solver for analyzing high-frequency scattering from two-dimensional objects is presented. The solver leverages a randomized butterfly scheme to compress blocks corresponding to near- and far-field interactions in the discretized forward and inverse electric field integral operators. The observed memory requirements and computational cost of the proposed solver scale as O(Nlog^2N) and O(N^1.5 logN), respectively. The solver is applied to the
... s of scattering from electrically large objects spanning over ten thousand of wavelengths and modeled in terms of five million unknowns.