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Abstact This study examined the relationship between parental involvement and a proximal student academic outcome-active engagement, for a cohort of 160 students on their transition to secondary school and at three subsequent time periods. The student-reported measures were assessed using the Hoover-Dempsey and Sandler (2005) instrument. Results provide clear evidence of the 'secondary slump' phenomenon with a consistent decline in each of the four parental involvement subscales (parentdoi:10.5539/ies.v8n7p84 fatcat:obnkcq4srvbkdlikoan67rg3vi