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ELECTRON TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY IN AN EXPANDING PLASMA: PARTICLE-IN-CELL SIMULATIONS
We perform fully-kinetic particle-in-cell simulations of an hot plasma that expands radially in a cylindrical geometry. The aim of the paper is to study the consequent development of the electron temperature anisotropy in an expanding plasma flow as found in a collisionless stellar wind. Kinetic plasma theory and simulations have shown that the electron temperature anisotropy is controlled by fluctuations driven by electromagnetic kinetic instabilities. In this study the temperature anisotropydoi:10.1088/0004-637x/710/2/1848 fatcat:ppux2zjgpnekllz7x5delj266y