Individualized goal directed dance rehabilitation in chronic state of severe traumatic brain injury: A case study

Marjo Kullberg-Turtiainen, Kaisa Vuorela, Lilli Huttula, Petri Turtiainen, Sanna Koskinen
2019 Heliyon  
Few long-term studies report late outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury. New rehabilitation techniques are needed for this heterogenous patient group. We present a dance intervention six and half years after an extreme severe TBI including excessive diffuse axonal injury, which disconnects the brain networks. Given the fact, that efficient brain function depends on the integrated operation of large-scale brain networks like default mode network (DMN), we created an intervention with
more » ... sensory and multimodal approach and goal-directed behavior. The intervention lasted four months including weekly one-hour dance lessons with the help of a physiotherapist and dance teacher. The measures included functional independence measure (FIM), repeated electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis of three subnets of DMN and clinical evaluations and observations. The results showed clear improvement after the intervention, and FIM stayed in elevated level during several years after the intervention. We present suggestion for further studies using larger patient groups.
doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01184 pmid:30805564 pmcid:PMC6374582 fatcat:vap2bkpakrgs7lkbcf66alshbu