Quantitative Trait Locus Mapping of Genes That Regulate Phospholipid Transfer Activity in SM/J and NZB/BlNJ Inbred Mice

R. Korstanje
2004 Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology  
Objective-Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP), an important protein in the transfer of phospholipids between lipoprotein particles and in the remodeling of HDL, is regulated at both the transcriptional and the protein level. We performed quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis to identify genomic loci regulating PLTP activity in mice. Methods and Results-Plasma PLTP activity was measured in 217 male F 2 progeny from a SM/J ϫ NZB/B1NJ intercross. Two QTL for plasma PLTP activity in mice fed
more » ... (Pltpq1 and Pltpq2) were found on chromosomes 3 (34 cM, logarithm of odds [LOD] 3.5) and 10 (66 cM, LOD 4.1); two additional QTL in mice fed atherogenic diet (Pltpq3 and Pltpq4) were found on chromosomes 9 (56 cM, LOD 4.5) and 15 (34 cM, LOD 5.0); and one QTL (Pltiq1) for the inducibility of PLTP activity was found on chromosome 4 (70 cM, LOD 3.7). Several candidate genes for these 5 QTL were tested by sequence comparison and expression studies. Conclusions-We identified five significant loci involved in PLTP activity in the mouse and provided supporting evidence for the candidacy of Nr1h4 and Apof as the genes underlying Pltpq2. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004; 24:155-160.) Key Words: plasma phospholipid transfer protein Ⅲ quantitative trait locus Ⅲ mouse Ⅲ Nr1h4, Apof Methods Mice and Diets SM/J and NZB/BlNJ inbred mice were obtained from the Jackson Laboratory (Bar Harbor, Me). SM females were mated to NZB males
doi:10.1161/01.atv.0000104241.44819.10 pmid:14592843 fatcat:3sjbtlmjnng4tolf2nqarfbzuq