Do Anti-inflammatory Agents Promote Linear Ablation Lesion Discontinuities? An Electrophysiological Examination

K. Noonan, P. Martin, A. Scott, G. Kuhn, S. Neumann
2011 Heart, Lung and Circulation  
Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is more efficacious than antiarrhythmic therapy. Post ablation recurrences reduce ablation effectiveness and are contributed by lesion discontinuity in the fibrotic linear ablation lesions. The anti-fibrotic role of statins in reducing AF is being assessed in current trials. By reducing the chronic pathological fibrosis that occurs in AF they may reduce AF. However if statins also have an effect on the acute therapeutic fibrosis of an ablation,
more » ... could exacerbate lesion discontinuity and AF recurrence. We tested the hypothesis that statins attenuate ablation lesion continuity in a recognised pig atrial linear ablation model. Aims: To assess whether Atorvastatin diminishes the bi-directional conduction block produced by a linear atrial ablation lesion. Methods: Sixteen pigs were randomised to statin (n=8) or placebo (n=8) with drug pretreatment for 3 days and a further 4 weeks. At initial electrophysiological study (EPS1) 3D right atrium (RA) mapping and a vertical ablation linear lesion in the posterior RA with bidirectional conduction block were completed (Gepstein Circ 1999). Follow-up electrophysiological assessment (EPS2) at 28 days assessed bidirectional conduction block maintenance. Results: Data of 15/16 (statin=7) pigs were analysed. Mean lesion length was 3.7 ± 0.8cm with a mean of 17.9 ± 5.7 lesion applications. Bi-directional conduction block was confirmed in 15/15 pigs (100%) at EPS1 and EPS2. Conclusions: Atorvastatin did not affect ablation lesion continuity in this pig atrial linear ablation model. If patients are on long-term statins for AF reduction, periablation cessation is probably not necessary.
doi:10.1016/j.hlc.2011.05.229 fatcat:uipsilmfqrdklm6hoe4hqdnvxi