Complexity in nature and data-enabled science: The Earth's magnetosphere

A. Surjalal Sharma
Understanding complexity in nonequilibrium systems requires multiple approaches and the well established approaches of experiment, theory and numerical simulation have led to the key advances. The data-enabled science, referred to as the fourth paradigm, is an inherently suitable framework for the study of complexity in nature. The data-driven modeling of the Earth's magnetosphere, based on the dynamical systems theory, highlights the achievements of this approach in the study of complexity in natural systems.
doi:10.1063/1.4865343 fatcat:x4i4edjp3vff5kujic3l5245km