Cognitive chimera states in human brain networks

Kanika Bansal, Javier O. Garcia, Steven H. Tompson, Timothy Verstynen, Jean M. Vettel, Sarah F. Muldoon
2019 Science Advances  
The human brain is a complex dynamical system, and how cognition emerges from spatiotemporal patterns of regional brain activity remains an open question. As different regions dynamically interact to perform cognitive tasks, variable patterns of partial synchrony can be observed, forming chimera states. We propose that the spatial patterning of these states plays a fundamental role in the cognitive organization of the brain and present a cognitively informed, chimera-based framework to explore
more » ... ow large-scale brain architecture affects brain dynamics and function. Using personalized brain network models, we systematically study how regional brain stimulation produces different patterns of synchronization across predefined cognitive systems. We analyze these emergent patterns within our framework to understand the impact of subject-specific and region-specific structural variability on brain dynamics. Our results suggest a classification of cognitive systems into four groups with differing levels of subject and regional variability that reflect their different functional roles.
doi:10.1126/sciadv.aau8535 pmid:30949576 pmcid:PMC6447382 fatcat:o4lqufnfuvgbxmksqvsiwrrj3i