3D Printed Models—A Useful Tool in Endovascular Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms

Emilia Adriana Marciuc, Bogdan Ionut Dobrovat, Roxana Mihaela Popescu, Nicolaie Dobrin, Alexandru Chiriac, Daniel Marciuc, Lucian Eva, Danisia Haba
2021 Brain Sciences  
Many developments were made in the area of endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms, but this procedure also requires a good assessment of vascular anatomy prior to intervention. Seventy-six cases with brain aneurysms were selected and 1:1 scale 3D printed models were created. We asked three interventional neurosurgeons with different degrees of experience (ten years, four years, and a fourth-year resident) to review the cases using CTA (computed tomography angiogram) with MPR
more » ... ar reconstructions) and VRT (volume rendering technique) and make a decision: coil embolization or stent-assisted coil embolization. After we provided them with the 3D printed models, they were asked to review their treatment plan. Statistical analysis was performed and the endovascular approach changed in 11.84% of cases for ten-year experienced neurosurgeons, 13.15% for four years experienced neurosurgeon, and 21.05% for residents. The interobserver agreement was very good between the ten years experienced interventionist and four years experienced interventionist when they analyzed the data set that included the 3D printed model. The agreement was higher between all physicians after they examined the printed model. 3D patient-specific printed models may be useful in choosing between two different endovascular techniques and also help the residents to better understand the vascular anatomy and the overall procedure.
doi:10.3390/brainsci11050598 pmid:34066604 fatcat:rflq2ocdqrbahpyareo4ssqmza