Functional connectivity of supplementary motor area during finger-tapping in major depression
a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Finger-tapping Depression SMA Seed-based connectivity Fronto-striatal Psychomotor disturbance has been consistently regarded as an essential feature of depressive disorders. Studying objectively measurable motor behaviors like finger-tapping may help advance the diagnostic methods. Twenty-five patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and 15 healthy participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measurements while tapping their index
... rs. The finger-tapping (FT) task was performed by the right hand (the tapping frequency varied between 1, 2 and 4 Hz) or both hands either in synchrony or alternation (the tapping frequency varied between 1 and 2 Hz). A mixed-model ANOVA was used for between-and within-group comparisons of the task accuracy and fMRI percent signal change in the supplementary motor area (SMA) during 26-second sequences of finger-tapping. Furthermore, using seed-based correlation analyses we compared the connectivity of the SMA between the two samples. At the behavioral level, no significant group differences in FT performance between the patient and control groups was observed. The mean fMRI percent signal change of the SMA was significantly elevated at higher levels of speed in both groups. In the MDD group, an increased connectivity of the left SMA with the bilateral cortical and cerebellar motor-and vision-related regions was found. Most importantly, a decreased connectivity between the SMA and the basal ganglia was found at frequencies of 4 Hz. Our findings support the contention that, in depression, brain connectivity measures during motor performance may reveal deviant neural processes that are potentially relevant to measurable (bio)markers for individual diagnosis and treatment.