The Appearance of the Military as A Political Force in Indonesia

Abdul Rahman, Firdaus W. Suhaeb, Nurlela, Alfin Dwi Rahmawan
2020 Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Social Sciences (ICSS 2020)   unpublished
This study aims to determine the background of the emergence of the military as a political force in Indonesia. The method used is the historical method by performing four stages, namely: heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The results showed that the occurrence of regional upheaval that wanted to separate from the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia during the Old Order era, as a form of disappointment with the central government, was considered by the military as
more » ... by the military as a threat to the integrity and sovereignty of the nation and state. Therefore, the military considers the need for a political concept and strategy to overcome this. So the concept of an army middle ground was initiated by Abdul Haris Nasution which in turn gave birth to Dwifungsi. As the embodiment of Dwifungsi, the military seeks to ward off threats that come from within and outside. With the enactment of a state of danger or martial law law, the military will increasingly carry out its political functions by keeping in view the state situation at that time. In order to obtain a justification for the continued role of the army in these functions after the crisis has passed, the Chief of Staff of the Army, Abdul Haris Nasution formulated a concept called the middle way which stipulates that the army will not seek opportunities to take over the government,
doi:10.2991/assehr.k.201014.129 fatcat:ppztewycxnbdvgoekb6palfbvq