C1q/TNF-Related Protein 3 (CTRP-3) Deficiency of Adipocytes Affects White Adipose Tissue Mass but Not Systemic CTRP-3 Concentrations

Andreas Schmid, Martin Roderfeld, Jonas Gehl, Elke Roeb, Andrea Nist, Ho-Ryun Chung, Thorsten Stiewe, Thomas Karrasch, Andreas Schäffler
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
CTRP-3 (C1q/TNF-related protein-3) is an adipokine with endocrine and immunological function. The impact of adipocyte CTRP-3 production on systemic CTRP-3 concentrations and on adipocyte biology is unknown. A murine model of adipocyte CTRP-3 knockout (KO) was established (via the Cre/loxP system). Serum adipokine levels were quantified by ELISA and adipose tissue (AT) gene expression by real-time PCR. Preadipocytes were isolated from AT and differentiated into adipocytes. Comparative
more » ... me analysis was applied in adipocytes and liver tissue. Body weight and AT mass were reduced in CTRP-3 KO mice together with decreased serum leptin. In primary cells from visceral AT of KO mice, expression of adiponectin, progranulin, and resistin was induced, while peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) was decreased. M1/M2 macrophage polarization markers were shifted to a more anti-inflammatory phenotype. CTRP-3 expression in AT did not contribute to serum concentrations. AT and liver morphology remained unaffected by CTRP-3 KO. Myelin transcription factor 1-like (Myt1l) was identified as a highly upregulated gene. In conclusion, adipocyte CTRP-3 has a role in adipogenesis and AT weight gain whereas adipocyte differentiation is not impaired by CTRP-3 deficiency. Since no effects on circulating CTRP-3 levels were observed, the impact of adipocyte CTRP-3 KO is limited to adipose tissue. Modified AT gene expression indicates a rather anti-inflammatory phenotype.
doi:10.3390/ijms22041670 pmid:33562308 fatcat:auikijzwrjcfvcd4mvqfjh3sdy