Cognitive impairment among patients with diabetes in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Rania Naguib, Eman S. Soliman, Fatima Mohammed Neimatallah, Najd Sulaiman AlKhudhairy, Amjad Muashaq ALGhamdi, Reema Saad Almosa, Kholud Abdullaziz Aldashash, Bashayer Yaqoub Alkhalifah, Hala Elmorshedy
2020 Middle East Current Psychiatry  
Background The incidence of cognitive impairment (CI) is higher in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The association between DM and CI and the risk factors for CI need to be addressed to estimate the prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients with DM and to identify the potential risk factors. The study is a cross-sectional study using a convenient sample of 269 subjects. Sociodemographic diabetes-related variables including biochemical markers were collected. CI and diabetes-related
more » ... tress (DRD) were assessed using the Arabic version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment scale (MoCA) and the Diabetes Distress Screening Scale respectively. Results Overall, 80.3% had cognitive impairment while 33.8% had severe impairment. Older age, female gender, low level of education, and low income were associated with CI; duration of diabetes and DRD were associated with CI while ophthalmic complications were associated with severe CI. Duration of diabetes was inversely associated with CI. Level of HbA1c was significantly higher in patients with severe CI, and the probability of CI increased as the level of HbA1c increased. Low level of education was associated with severe CI, and CI was two times more likely among patients with DRD. Conclusion CI was higher than worldwide figures. Elderly females with low educational level, long duration of DM, and low socioeconomic status are at more risk. The probability of severe CI increased with increased level of HbA1c. Screening for CI in patients with diabetes along with intervention programs while considering the DRD and the level of HbA1c is crucial.
doi:10.1186/s43045-020-00058-5 fatcat:iaombav22bexbpncqgjccimy7u