Effectiveness of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel plus carboplatin in non-small lung cancer patients with malignant pleural effusion

N. KOYAMA, Y. WATANABE, Y. IWAI, C. MIWA, Y. NAGAI, K. AOSHIBA, H. NAKAMURA
2018 Neoplasma (Bratislava)  
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a common complication occurring in cancer patients, and its management affects the prognosis of these patients. Preclinical and clinical studies have reported that treatment with nanoparticle albuminbound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) plus carboplatin (CBDCA) is effective against intraperitoneal malignant tumors. To investigate the effectiveness of nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA therapy for MPEs arising in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we
more » ... (NSCLC), we retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of 40 patients with stage IIIb or IV NSCLC who were treated with nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA from 2013 to 2016. Out of 26 patients with MPEs who were treated with nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA in this study, 21 patients (80.8%) had effective responses in MPEs; 6 of 21 patients exhibited complete responses (23.1%) and 15 of 21 had partial responses (57.7%). Kaplan-Meier survival curves and log-rank tests to evaluate the effectiveness of nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA therapy against MPEs showed longer median progression-free survival (323 days vs. 26 days; p=0.009) and overall survival (not reached vs. 199 days; p=0.047) in patients with complete responses compared with those who achieved no response. There were no statistical differences between therapeutic effects on MPEs and those on systemic lesions. Nab-paclitaxel plus CBDCA therapy may be a preferred therapeutic option for patients with NSCLC who experience MPEs, and its effectiveness in treatment of MPEs may need to be evaluated separately from its therapeutic responses in systemic lesions.
doi:10.4149/neo_2018_170206n78 pmid:29322797 fatcat:vsbili7gmbgbppav4efql6pe6e