Measurement scheme for purity based on two two-body gates

H. Nakazato, T. Tanaka, K. Yuasa, G. Florio, S. Pascazio
2012 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
A scheme for measuring the purity of a quantum system with a finite number of levels is presented. The method makes use of two square root of SWAP gates and only hinges on measurements performed on a reference system, prepared in a certain pure state and coupled with the target system. Neither tomographic methods, with the complete reconstruction of the state, nor interferometric setups is needed.
doi:10.1103/physreva.85.042316 fatcat:ke6qjt2l2vdx5gzvwyd45docxa