Quality of life in adults living in the community with previous self-reported myocardial infarction

Ana Teresa Timóteo, Sara Simões Dias, Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Rute Dinis Sousa, Helena Canhão
2020 Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia  
Quality of life (QoL) is one of the most important patient-reported outcomes in chronic diseases. Using a population-based cohort, our objective was to assess health-related QoL in individuals with a previous myocardial infarction (MI). This study was conducted on a large database representative of the adult Portuguese population aged 18 years or over, living in the community. Participants were assessed through telephone interview. A standardized questionnaire was applied to every individual
more » ... ut self-reported chronic diseases, including previous MI. QoL was assessed with the EQ-5D-3L version of EuroQol. The prevalence of previous MI was calculated and linear regression analysis was performed. The estimated prevalence of previous MI in the adult Portuguese population was 1.1%. These patients were older and more often male, had lower income and lower education levels, and were more often from urban areas. Respondents with self-reported MI assigned a lower self-perception to their health status in all domains, particularly in mobility and anxiety/depression. The mean EQ-5D-3L score in patients with MI was 0.73±0.34, significantly lower than in patients without MI (0.78±0.29). Also, the number of chronic diseases was significantly higher in patients with MI (5.0±2.2 vs. 1.7±1.8). Previous MI was not independently associated with QoL, which was related to age, gender and number of comorbidities. Adults with previous MI have a worse self-perceived health status and QoL. Previous MI was not an independent predictor of health-related QoL after controlling for age, gender and associated chronic diseases.
doi:10.1016/j.repc.2019.09.013 pmid:32616368 fatcat:hzrg47pcszbfjgppyecgfikc24