Protocol for a randomized multicenter study for isolated skin vasculitis (ARAMIS) comparing the efficacy of three drugs: azathioprine, colchicine, and dapsone
Skin-limited forms of vasculitis, while lacking systemic manifestations, can persist or recur indefinitely, cause pain, itch, or ulceration, and be complicated by infection or scarring. High-quality evidence on how to treat these conditions is lacking. The aim of this comparative effectiveness study is to determine the optimal management of patients with chronic skin-limited vasculitis. ARAMIS is a multicenter, sequential, multiple assignment randomized trial with an enrichment design (SMARTER)
... nt design (SMARTER) aimed at comparing the efficacy of three drugs-azathioprine, colchicine, and dapsone-commonly used to treat various forms of isolated skin vasculitis. ARAMIS will enroll patients with isolated cutaneous small or medium vessel vasculitis, including cutaneous small vessel vasculitis, immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis (skin-limited Henoch-Schönlein purpura), and cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa. Patients not responding to the initial assigned therapy will be re-randomized to one of the remaining two study drugs (Stage 2). Those with intolerance or contraindication to a study drug can be randomized directly into Stage 2. Target enrollment is 90 participants, recruited from international centers affiliated with the Vasculitis Clinical Research Consortium. The number of patients enrolled directly into Stage 2 of the study will be capped at 10% of the total recruitment target. The primary study endpoint is the proportion of participants from the pooled study stages with a response to therapy at month 6, according to the study definition. ARAMIS will help identify effective agents for skin-limited forms of vasculitis, an understudied group of diseases. The SMARTER design may serve as an example for future trials in rare diseases. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02939573. Registered on 18 October 2016.