In praise of arrays

Lihua Ying, Minnie Sarwal
2008 Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, West)  
Microarray technologies have both fascinated and frustrated the transplant community since their introduction roughly a decade ago. Fascination arose from the possibility offered by the technology to gain a profound insight into the cellular response to immunogenic injury and the potential that this genomic signature would be indicative of the biological mechanism by which that stress was induced. Frustrations have arisen primarily from technical factors such as data variance, the requirement
more » ... r the application of advanced statistical and mathematical analyses, and difficulties associated with actually recognizing signature gene-expression patterns and discerning mechanisms. To aid the understanding of this powerful tool, its versatility, and how it is dramatically changing the molecular approach to biomedical and clinical research, this teaching review describes the technology and its applications, as well as the limitations and evolution of microarrays, in the field of organ transplantation. Finally, it calls upon the attention of the transplant community to integrate into multidisciplinary teams, to take advantage of this technology and its expanding applications in unraveling the complex injury circuits that currently limit transplant survival. The purpose of this article was to review: 1. Microarrays, the basics 2. Evolution of microarray technology over time 3. The importance of microarrays in human biology 4. Microarray-based insights for the transplant physician 5. Current unmet biological questions in transplantation and how can we use microarrays to address them 6. Methods of applying microarrays to clinical practice 7. Limitations of using microarrays in clinical practice 8. The black-box of microarray data analysis
doi:10.1007/s00467-008-0808-z pmid:18568367 pmcid:PMC2719727 fatcat:f3lebgcy5rh47k7e3ses2ybueq