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<i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)">
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/jqw2pm7kwvhchpdxpcm5ryoic4" style="color: black;">IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)</a>
This paper proposes a novel video denoising method based on nondecimated wavelet band filtering. In the proposed method, motion estimation and adaptive recursive temporal filtering are performed in a closed loop, followed by an intra-frame spatially adaptive filter. All processing occurs in the wavelet domain. The paper introduces new wavelet-based motion reliability measures. We make a difference between motion reliability per orientation and reliability per wavelet band. These two reliability<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsvt.2006.879994">doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2006.879994</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hgwflu435jfbxclayrrdp6aysm">fatcat:hgwflu435jfbxclayrrdp6aysm</a> </span>
more »... measures are employed in different stages of the proposed denoising scheme. The reliability per orientation (horizontal and vertical) measure is used in the proposed motion estimation scheme while the reliability of the estimated motion vectors (MVs) per wavelet band is utilized for subsequent adaptive temporal and spatial filtering. We propose a novel cost function for motion estimation which takes into account the spatial orientation of image structures and their motion matching values. Our motion estimation approach is a novel wavelet-domain three-step scheme, where the refinement of MVs in each step is determined based on the proposed motion reliabilities per orientation. The temporal filtering is performed separately in each wavelet band along the estimated motion trajectory and the parameters of the temporal filter depend on the motion reliabilities per wavelet band. The final spatial filtering step employs an adaptive smoothing of wavelet coefficients that yields a stronger filtering at the positions where the temporal filter was less effective. The results on various grayscale sequences demonstrate that the proposed filter outperforms several state-of-the-art filters visually (as judged by a small test panel) as well as in terms of peak signal-to-noise ratio.
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