Periodical Literature

1911 Sociological Review  
LA SciiNcs SociiOS for July is the record cf L'Ecole det Boches for 1910-11, with illustrations. It shows th«t there are 162 boys in th* school, of whom 00 osn speak at least one foreign language, and 101 have spent at least a month in some neighbouring country. For sociologists, naturally, the socisl science course is the most important part of the curricultmi. It occupies two years. During the first Ui« papils leam the gymnastic and the logic of observing and recording social facts, while in
more » ... he second they prove the method* thue learned in practice. Tbe presence of a boy in the school from the Champagne district, and of another from Nantes, has determined the choice of these two region* as tiie field of survey for the past season. Th« observations made on the former by on* of the moat sociologically minded o{ the pupils are printed in the record; and they form a very rcapectable piece of work indeed. The school-charity fnnd, which averages 1,100 francs a year, offers scope for similar inquiries, for it is administered by the boys themselvea. The elder ones, under the direction of the masters, visit the families wbo receive iha assistance, and two or three times a term they have a sort of Charity-Organisation confennca at which the cases are discussed and the funds apportioned : and now and again the proceedings are varied by lectnres from outsiders cm various charitable institutions and movements. The Aagust.8ept«mber issue is a study of the moimtaineers of Pistoja. HinisaU a Toican, the author, M. Pippo Rusconi, pats botii knowledge and sympathy into his treatise, whic& presents the Pistojans to us as a peaceful and pleasant-tempered, if somewhat she^ish people. Contoit with the subsistence which their chestnut woods provide, without requiring any labour from them but that ot the harvest, tlte meo pick tip a meagre livelihood abroad, generally in Sardinia, daring the winter, leaving the wconen in charge of their homes. The lattar are therefore moch reqwcted, and as a ml* they are moro intelligent and capi^le than the man. Farming, nail-and pin-making, charcoal-burning and the letting of summer lodgings, all on a minute scale, are the only industries of the district: and the inhabitants are honest snd conrteoos, though most of them are illiterate. The continoations ot the progrees discussions in the Rsvtic INTSSMATIONALS DS SociOLOoni for May, June and July respectively are. La thiorie de I'itx^ution chet Herbert 8pencer, by M. B«ni Maonier; L'ivolution et la femm«, by Mme. Lydis Martial; and Comment reconnoitre Ia rrogrit, by M. Arthnr Banar. M. Mannier points ont that Herbert Spencer's determinist^iptimist evolutionism involves a confusion between " evolation," which is a judgment of fact, and " progreM," which is a jndtpnent of vain*; bnt he gives generous praise to the determinist part of the system, whenby Spencer, aa a pioneer, extended the empire <>f causality from the physical to the social sciences. The effect of Mme. Martial's pf«t is weakened by far-fetched biological analogies, «nd vagae and grandiose language. Thus tb» bis' mach to say about the "ovnlar economy of sociaty," and the "ovolar basis of (avilisaUon" and th» "vibratory " citisois who bnild social sbuctorcs on it. H«r conception of progress for women is, that they should more and more take a conscioos and a wiUsd part in the evolntional movement of society. Interpreted by M. B«a< WoTtns her contention is, that periods of organisation, econcray and evolntion
doi:10.1111/j.1467-954x.1911.tb02175.x fatcat:6kgpsz6minbwpfjl25giaf4ln4