Density-functional theory study of the initial oxygen incorporation in Pd(111)

Mira Todorova, Karsten Reuter, Matthias Scheffler
2005 Physical Review B  
Pd(111) has recently been shown to exhibit a propensity to form a sub-nanometer thin surface oxide film already well before a full monolayer coverage of adsorbed O atoms is reached on the surface. Aiming at an atomic-scale understanding of this finding, we study the initial oxygen incorporation into the Pd(111) surface using density-functional theory. We find that oxygen incorporation into the sub-surface region starts at essentially the same coverage as formation of the surface oxide. This
more » ... ies that the role of sub-surface oxygen should be considered as that of a metastable precursor in the oxidation process of the surface. The mechanisms found to play a role towards the ensuing stabilization of an ordered oxidic structure with a mixed on-surface/sub-surface site occupation follow a clear trend over the late 4d transition metal series, as seen by comparing our data to previously published studies concerned with oxide formation at the basal surface of Ru, Rh and Ag. The formation of a linearly aligned O-TM-O trilayered structure (TM = Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag), together with an efficient coupling to the underlying substrate seem to be key ingredients in this respect.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.71.195403 fatcat:ktz2etpcozakbkr6pvmbqhaoqa