Model-Based Iterative Reconstruction and Direct Deep Learning for One-Sided Ultrasonic Non-Destructive Evaluation

Hani A. Almansouri
One-sided ultrasonic non-destructive evaluation (UNDE) is extensively used to characterize structures that need to be inspected and maintained from defects and flaws that could affect the performance of power plants, such as nuclear power plants. Most UNDE systems send acoustic pulses into the structure of interest, measure the received waveform and use an algorithm to reconstruct the quantity of interest. The most widely used algorithm in UNDE systems is the synthetic aperture focusing
more » ... e (SAFT) because it produces acceptable results in real time. A few regularized inversion techniques with linear models have been proposed which can improve on SAFT, but they tend to make simplifying assumptions that show artifacts and do not address how to obtain reconstructions from large real data sets. In this thesis, we present two studies. The first study covers the model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) technique which is used to resolve some of the issues in SAFT and the current linear regularized inversion techniques, and the second study covers the direct deep learning (DDL) technique which is used to further resolve issues related to non-linear interactions between the ultrasound signal and the specimen. In the first study, we propose a model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) algorithm designed for scanning UNDE systems. MBIR reconstructs the image by optimizing a cost function that contains two terms: the forward model that models the measurements and the prior model that models the object. To further reduce some of the artifacts in the results, we enhance the forward model of MBIR to account for the direct arrival artifacts and the isotropic artifacts. The direct arrival signals are the signals received directly from the transmitter without being reflected. These signals contain no useful information about the specimen and produce high amplitude artifacts in regions close to the transducers. We resolve this issue by modeling these direct arrival signals in the forward model to reduce their artifacts [...]
doi:10.25394/pgs.7408829 fatcat:wgbkd6fedngmviy6nx4i73ljja