Data Sampling in Multidimensional NMR: Fundamentals and Strategies [chapter]

Mark W. Maciejewski, Mehdi Mobli, Adam D. Schuyler, Alan S. Stern, Jeffrey C. Hoch
2011 Topics in current chemistry  
Beginning with the introduction of Fourier Transform NMR by Ernst and Anderson in 1966, time domain measurement of the impulse response (the free induction decay) consisted of sampling the signal at a series of discrete intervals. For compatibility with the discrete Fourier transform, the intervals are kept uniform, and the Nyquist theorem dictates the largest value of the interval sufficient to avoid aliasing. With the proposal by Jeener of parametric sampling along an indirect time dimension,
more » ... extension to multidimensional experiments employed the same sampling techniques used in one dimension, similarly subject to the Nyquist condition and suitable for processing via the discrete Fourier transform. The challenges of obtaining high-resolution spectral estimates from short data records were already well understood, and despite techniques such as linear prediction extrapolation, the achievable resolution in the indirect dimensions is limited by practical constraints on measuring time. The advent of methods of spectrum analysis capable processing nonuniformly sampled data has lead to an explosion in the development of novel sampling strategies that avoid the limits on resolution and measurement time imposed by uniform sampling. In this chapter we review the fundamentals of uniform and nonuniform sampling methods in one and multidimensional NMR.
doi:10.1007/128_2011_185 pmid:21773916 pmcid:PMC6078388 fatcat:doi6np6k3raxtftzg6jveo4o74