An investigation of similarity of the value system of the American and Japanese college students
The purpose of the present research was to investigate whether or not there is similarity of values between American and Japanese college students. The following research hypothesis was established; There is a positive relationship between the value system of the Japanese college students and that of American college students. To test the above research hypothesis, the following three null hypotheses were tested in the· present research1 1) There is no similarity between the value system ·of
... value system ·of the Japanese male college students and that of American male college students whose ages are between 18 and 22. 2) There is no similarity between the value system of the Japanese female college students and that of American female college students whose ages are between 18 and ·22. 3) There is no similarity between the value system of. the '1apanese colleg·e student:s (male and female) and that of the American college stude~ts(male and female) whose ages are between l8_and 22. The value list which contained 15 American and Japanese values was administered to 219 Japanese college students at three universities in Tokyo and 115 American college students in Portland, Oregon. The rank order correlation coefficient was computed for each null hypothesis and the orthogonal factor analysis was done on the Harris 220 at the Portland State University's computer center. Correlation coefficient for the three null hypotheses showed a significantly positive relationship and as a result, all of the null hypotheses were rejected. Consequently, the research hypothesis of the present research was accepted. The American and Japanese college students showed a very similar value ~ystem despite their different cultural heritages.