Theoretical x-ray absorption Debye-Waller factors

Fernando D. Vila, J. J. Rehr, H. H. Rossner, H. J. Krappe
2007 Physical Review B  
An approach is presented for theoretical calculations of the Debye-Waller factors in x-ray absorption spectra. These factors are represented in terms of the cumulant expansion up to third order. They account respectively for the net thermal expansion $\sigma^{(1)}(T)$, the mean-square relative displacements $\sigma^2(T)$, and the asymmetry of the pair distribution function $\sigma^{(3)}(T)$. Similarly, we obtain Debye-Waller factors for x-ray and neutron scattering in terms of the mean-square
more » ... f the mean-square vibrational amplitudes $u^2(T)$. Our method is based on density functional theory calculations of the dynamical matrix, together with an efficient Lanczos algorithm for projected phonon spectra within the quasi-harmonic approximation. Due to anharmonicity in the interatomic forces, the results are highly sensitive to variations in the equilibrium lattice constants, and hence to the choice of exchange-correlation potential. In order to treat this sensitivity, we introduce two prescriptions: one based on the local density approximation, and a second based on a modified generalized gradient approximation. Illustrative results for the leading cumulants are presented for several materials and compared with experiment and with correlated Einstein and Debye models. We also obtain Born-von Karman parameters and corrections due to perpendicular vibrations.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.76.014301 fatcat:xl36vie3uncyjfbikaxva6kipy