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Sperber and Wilson 1981 proposed that the speaker who uttered the expectation that is contradicted by irony is identied as the victim of the irony by the echoic mention of his/her utterance. We conducted two experiments to explore whether the victim of irony is identied by echoic mention. Experiment 1 examined the validity of this hypothesis using three conditions. In the Hearer H echo condition, the speaker who is echoed is the hearer of the potential irony. In the No-Hearer NH echodoi:10.4992/jjpsy.80.485 pmid:20235473 fatcat:itt4tsmdhvhtlalnfqzysmghey