Thermalization in the D1D5 CFT

Shaun Hampton, Samir D. Mathur
2020 Journal of High Energy Physics  
It is generally agreed that black hole formation in gravity corresponds to thermalization in the dual CFT. It is sometimes argued that if the CFT evolution shows evidence of large redshift in gravity, then we have seen black hole formation in the CFT. We argue that this is not the case: a clock falling towards the horizon increases its redshift but remains intact as a clock; thus it is not 'thermalized'. Instead, thermalization should correspond to a new phase after the phase of large redshift,
more » ... where the infalling object turns into fuzzballs on reaching within planck distance of the horizon. We compute simple examples of the scattering vertex in the D1D5 CFT which, after many iterations, would lead to thermalization. An initial state made of two left-moving and two right-moving excitations corresponds, in gravity, to two gravitons heading towards each other. The thermalization vertex in the CFT breaks these excitations into multiple excitations on the left and right sides; we compute the amplitudes for several of these processes. We find secular terms that grow as t 2 instead of oscillating with t; we conjecture that this may be a feature of processes leading to thermalization.
doi:10.1007/jhep06(2020)004 fatcat:mrmze7xtcnhrzhb3pxhydkygim