1922 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
More men from, the cities were rejected (23 per cent.) than from the rural districts and small towns (20 per cent.), owing not only to the environmental condition in the large cities, but also to the character of the foreign population congregated in them. In the study of the physical conditions of the selec¬ tive service men, much space was devoted to the study of the defects or diseases noted, since it was the pur¬ pose of the study to determine the relative prevalence of the several kinds of
more » ... he several kinds of defects and diseases in the various sections of the country. Considering, then, the total number of defects rather than of defective men, we find that for each hundred men there were fifty-six defects noted. The excess of the defects over the defective men per hundred was nine; in other words, nine men out of each hundred had two defects which were of sufficient military importance to note. A defect of some character was noted in 80 per cent, of all men from Rhode Island, while those from Kan¬ sas had only a little over half this number (42 per cent.). The physique of the population of the various states varied even to as great an extent as the number of physical defects did. Rhode Island had the largest relative number of men who were below the required military height, the largest percentage of those below the required military weight for their height, and also the largest percentage of those who were regarded as obese. In other words, the population, which was composed to a considerable extent of South Europeans and French Canadians, ran to the extreme. The men from certain of the other states, and especially from the North Central and Northwestern states, were much better proportioned. The average height or stature of 1,000,000 men was 67.49 inches (171.4 cm.). The shortest men came from Rhode Island (66.4 inches, or 168.6 cm.), the tallest from Texas (68.4 inches, or 173.7 cm.). Considering the population groups, the tallest men came from the mountain area of North Carolina. These men were of Scotch descent and averaged 68.67 inches (174.4 cm.). The average weight for the United States was 141.54 pounds (64 kg.). The heaviest men were from South Dakota (146.96 pounds, or 67 kg.), and the lightest from Rhode Island (136.44 pounds, or 61.9 kg.). Considering the sections the lightest men were from the section of Florida which had a large percentage of West Indians and Spanish (136.23 pounds, or 61.8 1. The literature is reviewed by Gerard, R. W.: J. Biol. Chem. 52: 111 (May) 1922.
doi:10.1001/jama.1922.02640190019008 fatcat:7etnkh2htfdx3ea6723vbxewkq