Incidence of Mortality rates due to Tuberculosis in Association of South East Asian Nations and its relation to Current Health Expenditure Per Capita: A secondary Data Analysis

Laila Ayman Ahmed, Medical student, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeon's in Ireland School of Medicine (PU-RCSI), Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia., Jeevan K Shetty, Vishnumukkala Thirupathirao, Venkatesh R. Naik, Department of Biochemistry, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeon's in Ireland School of Medicine (PU-RCSI), Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia., Department of Anatomy, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeon's in Ireland School of Medicine (PU-RCSI), Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia., Department of Pathology, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeon's in Ireland School of Medicine (PU-RCSI), Perdana University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2021 International Journal of Integrative Medical Sciences  
Tuberculosis is a devastating health condition with a high incidence in the ASEAN population. This study analyses mortality trends due to TB among the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and also investigates the relationship between mortality and Current health expenditure (CHE) per capita Methods: This study is a secondary data analysis on mortality rates and CHE per capita from the year 2002 to 2017. The data was obtained from global health observatory data repository databases
more » ... d World Bank Organization respectively. They were analysed using SPSS trial version 23. Results: This study showed an overall reduction in mortality rates among the ASEAN countries except Brunei Darussalam which showed an increase. This study also showed an indirect intermediate correlation between mortality rates and CHE per capita. Discussion: Among the ASEAN, Singapore, which follows the TB control program suggested by WHO, achieved 2/5 TB control performance indicators. Its healthcare spending has almost doubled since 2010. Since implementation of directly observed treatment, short-course in Thailand in 2001, Thailand has succeeded achieving the detection target. Brunei Darussalam witnessed an increase in mortality rate. The rise in the number of people with chronic Non –communicable Diseases, especially diabetes mellitus, is posing a major challenge to Brunei's TB control efforts. Myanmar has a heavy TB burden, it seeks to cut TB incidence in half by 2025. Key words: Tuberculosis , ASEAN, Secondary data analysis, Mortality, Current health expenditure per capita.
doi:10.16965/ijims.2021.110 fatcat:4faaak4iubcojc26qv3eu3x6rm