Role of Krüppel-like Factor 15 (KLF15) in Transcriptional Regulation of Adipogenesis
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Krü ppel-like zinc finger transcription factors (KLFs) play diverse roles during cell differentiation and development in mammals. We have now shown by microarray analysis that expression of the KLF15 gene is markedly up-regulated during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes into adipocytes. Inhibition of the function of KLF15, either by expression of a dominant negative mutant or by RNA interference, both reduced the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ␥ (PPAR␥) and
... tor ␥ (PPAR␥) and blocked adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes exposed to inducers of adipocyte differentiation. However, the dominant negative mutant of KLF15 did not affect the expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ␤ (C/EBP␤) elicited by inducers of differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. In addition, ectopic expression of KLF15 in NIH 3T3 or C2C12 cells triggered both lipid accumulation and the expression of PPAR␥ in the presence of inducers of adipocyte differentiation. Ectopic expression of C/EBP␤, C/EBP␦, or C/EBP␣ in NIH 3T3 cells also elicited the expression of KLF15 in the presence of inducers of adipocyte differentiation. Moreover, KLF15 and C/EBP␣ acted synergistically to increase the activity of the PPAR␥2 gene promoter in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Our observations thus demonstrate that KLF15 plays an essential role in adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells through its regulation of PPAR␥ expression.